Vk global publications Pvt. Ltd. Is a household name now. Established in 1979, with more than three decades of leadership in the area of economics and commerce, we take pride in claiming that we continue with the unstirred readership in the country. Specialising in the area of economics and commerce, we are not averse to the idea of diversification. Keeping this in view, more than a decade ago, a series of ‘exam idea’ Was launched in all the subjects For classes IX -XII however, success of our publication is admittedly due to prudent prolific writers. We have resource-pool of reputed authors, who leave no stone unturned in bringing out the best of study material, which makes our readers versatile in their thought processes and equips them with the exam-oriented acumen. Thousands of acknowledgment and accolades that we receive every year from our readers are a good testimony to the genuine efforts and trustworthy endeavours of our authors. Fk publications is our business offshoot which has earned international acclaim for catering to the needs of tiny-tots and young children. Display of our books at the international book fair in Frankfurt, Germany since 2006 and so on has established our reputation in the international community of readers. To keep abreast with the changes introduced by the CBSE, our authors have worked round the clock to present the book ‘Xam idea’ Before you and the students at large. ‘Xam idea’ Books are thoroughly revised and diligently designed. The uniquely formatted text is completely in accordance National Curriculum Framework (NCF) guidelines.